Trees and Large Shrubs that can be Grown In New Jersey

Criteria: Hardiness Zone: 5-7 Height: 20-50'; 50'+

See notes at bottom of list


    True firs

    Abies alba
    Abies amabilis
    Abies balsamea
    Abies bracteata
    Abies cephalonica
    Abies cilicica
    Abies concolor
    Abies fargesii
    Abies firma
    Abies forrestii
    Abies fraseri
    Abies grandis
    Abies homolepis
    Abies koreana
    Abies lasiocarpa
    Abies nordmanniana
    Abies pindrow
    Abies pinsapo
    Abies procera
    Abies veitchii

    Maples

    Acer buergerianum
    Acer campbellii
    Acer campestre
    Acer capillipes
    Acer cappadocicum
    Acer carpinifolium
    Acer caudatum
    Acer cissifolium
    Acer X conspicuum
    Acer crataegifolium
    Acer davidii
    Acer forrestii
    Acer X freemanii
    Acer griseum
    Acer grosseri
    Acer heldreichii
    Acer henryi
    Acer japonicum
    Acer longipes
    Acer macrophyllum
    Acer mandshuricum
    Acer maximowiczianum
    Acer mono
    Acer monspessulanum
    Acer negundo
    Acer pensylvanicum
    Acer pentaphyllum
    Acer platanoides
    Acer pseudoplatanus
    Acer rubrum
    Acer rufinerve
    Acer saccharinum
    Acer saccharum
    Acer spicatum
    Acer tataricum
    Acer tegmentosum
    Acer triflorum
    Acer truncatum
    Acer velutinum

    Horse-chestnuts & Buckeyes

    Aesculus X carnea
    Aesculus chinensis
    Aesculus flava
    Aesculus hippocastanum
    Aesculus indica
    Aesculus X neglecta

    Tree of Heaven

    Ailanthus altissima

    Alders

    Alnus firma
    Alnus glutinosa
    Alnus hirsuta
    Alnus incana
    Alnus japonica
    Alnus maritima
    Alnus rhombifolia
    Alnus rubra
    Alnus subcordata

    Serviceberry

    Amelanchier arborea
    Amelanchier asiatica
    Amelanchier X grandiflora
    Amelanchier laevis
    Amelanchier lamarckii

    Aralia

    Aralia chinensis
    Aralia elata

    Monkey-puzzle tree

    Araucaria araucana

    Arbutus

    Arbutus menziesii
    Arbutus unedo

    Paw-paw

    Asimina triloba

    Aucuba

    Aucuba himalaica

    Birch

    Betula albosinensis
    Betula alleghaniensis
    Betula dahurica
    Betula ermanii
    Betula grossa
    Betula kenaica
    Betula lenta
    Betula litvinovii
    Betula mandschurica
    Betula nigra
    Betula papyrifera
    Betula pendula
    Betula platyphylla
    Betula pubescens
    Betula utilis

    Paper mulberry

    Broussonetia papyrifera

    Boxwood

    Buxus sempervirens

    California incense-cedar

    Calocedrus decurrens

    Japanese camellia

    Camellia japonica

    Hornbeams

    Carpinus betulus
    Carpinus caroliniana
    Carpinus cordata
    Carpinus japonica
    Carpinus orientalis

    Hickories

    Carya aquatica
    Carya cordiformis
    Carya floridana
    Carya glabra
    Carya illinoinensis
    Carya laciniosa
    Carya ovalis
    Carya ovata
    Carya texana

    Chestnuts

    Castanea Hybrid Cultivars
    Castanea mollissima
    Castanea sativa

    Japanese chinquapin

    Castanopsis cuspidata

    Catalpa

    Catalpa bignonioides
    Catalpa bungei
    Catalpa X erubescens
    Catalpa fargesii
    Catalpa speciosa

    True cedars

    Cedrus atlantica
    Cedrus brevifolia
    Cedrus deodara
    Cedrus libani

    Hackberry

    Celtis laevigata
    Celtis occidentalis
    Celtis reticulata

    Katsura tree

    Cercidiphyllum japonicum
    Cercidiphyllum magnificum

    Redbud

    Cercis canadensis
    Cercis racemosa
    Cercis siliquastrum

    False-cypress

    Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
    Chamaecyparis obtusa
    Chamaecyparis pisifera
    Chamaecyparis thyoides

    Yellowwood

    Cladrastis kentukea

    Dogwoods

    Cornus controversa
    Cornus florida
    Cornus kousa
    Cornus macrophylla
    Cornus mas
    Cornus nuttallii

    Filberts

    Corylus colurna
    Corylus maxima

    Smoketree

    Cotinus obovatus

    Cotoneaster

    Cotoneaster frigidus
    Cotoneaster serotinus

    Hawthorns

    Crataegus arnoldiana
    Crataegus crus-galli
    Crataegus laevigata
    Crataegus monogyna
    Crataegus nitida
    Crataegus phaenopyrum
    Crataegus punctata

    Japanese-cedar

    Cryptomeria japonica

    China-fir

    Cunninghamia lanceolata

    Cypress

    Cupressus arizonica
    Cupressus macrocarpa
    Cuprocyparis X leylandii

    Cyrilla

    Cyrilla racemiflora

    Daphniphyllum

    Daphniphyllum himalaense

    Dove tree

    Davidia involucrata

    Persimmon

    Diospyros lotus
    Diospyros virginiana

    Dragon-leaf

    Dracophyllum traversii

    Autumn & Russian olive

    Elaeagnus angustifolia
    Elaeagnus umbellata

    Eucalyptus

    Eucalyptus gunnii
    Eucalyptus parvifolia
    Eucalyptus pauciflora
    Eucalyptus perriniana

    Hardy rubber-tree

    Eucommia ulmoides

    Euptelea

    Euptelea pleiosperma
    Euptelea polyandra

    Beech

    Fagus crenata
    Fagus grandifolia
    Fagus japonica
    Fagus orientalis
    Fagus sylvatica

    Ginkgo tree

    Ginkgo biloba

    Locust

    Gleditsia caspica
    Gleditsia japonica
    Gleditsia triacanthos

    Grevillea

    Grevillea barklyana

    Kentucky coffee-tree

    Gymnocladus dioica

    Silverbell

    Halesia carolina
    Halesia monticola

    Japanese raisin tree

    Hovenia dulcis

    Hydrangea

    Hydrangea petiolaris

    Chinese wonder tree

    Idesia polycarpa

    Hollies

    Ilex X altaclerensis
    Ilex aquifolium
    Ilex cassine
    Ilex macropoda
    Ilex montana
    Ilex opaca
    Ilex pedunculosa
    Ilex perado
    Ilex pernyi

    Japanese star anise tree

    Illicium anisatum

    Jasmine

    Jasminum officinale

    Walnuts

    Juglans ailanthifolia
    Juglans californica
    Juglans cathayensis
    Juglans cinerea
    Juglans nigra
    Juglans regia

    Junipers

    Juniperus chinensis
    Juniperus drupacea
    Juniperus flaccida
    Juniperus indica
    Juniperus monosperma
    Juniperus occidentalis
    Juniperus recurva
    Juniperus scopulorum
    Juniperus virginiana

    Castor aralia

    Kalopanax septemlobus

    Golden rain tree

    Koelreuteria paniculata

    Golden chain tree

    Laburnum alpinum
    Laburnum anagyroides
    Laburnum X watereri

    Crape myrtle

    Lagerstroemia Hybrid Cultivars

    Larch

    Larix kaempferi
    Larix laricina
    Larix lyallii
    Larix X marschlinsii
    Larix occidentalis
    Larix sibirica

    Privet

    Ligustrum lucidum

    Spicebush

    Lindera benzoin
    Lindera obtusiloba

    Sweetgum

    Liquidambar formosana
    Liquidambar styraciflua

    Tulip poplar

    Liriodendron tulipifera

    Tanoak

    Lithocarpus densiflorus

    Amur maackia

    Maackia amurensis

    Osage orange

    Maclura pomifera
    Maclura tricuspidata

    Magnolias

    Magnolia acuminata
    Magnolia amoena
    Magnolia ashei
    Magnolia campbellii
    Magnolia cordata
    Magnolia dawsoniana
    Magnolia denudata
    Magnolia fraseri
    Magnolia grandiflora
    Magnolia hodgsonii
    Magnolia Hybrid Cultivars
    Magnolia hypoleuca
    Magnolia X kewensis
    Magnolia kobus
    Magnolia X loebneri
    Magnolia macrophylla
    Magnolia officinalis
    Magnolia pyramidata
    Magnolia salicifolia
    Magnolia sargentiana
    Magnolia sprengeri
    Magnolia X thompsoniana
    Magnolia tripetala
    Magnolia X veitchii
    Magnolia virginiana

    Apples & Crabapples

    Malus X adstringens
    Malus baccata
    Malus coronaria
    Malus Hybrid Cultivars
    Malus prunifolia
    Malus pumila
    Malus spectabilis
    Malus sylvestris
    Malus transitoria
    Malus tschonoskii

    Dawn redwood

    Metasequoia glyptostroboides

    Mullberries

    Morus alba
    Morus indica
    Morus nigra
    Morus rubra

    Myrtle

    Myrica cerifera
    Myrica pensylvanica

    Blackgum

    Nyssa aquatica
    Nyssa sinensis
    Nyssa sylvatica

    Hophornbeam

    Ostrya carpinifolia
    Ostrya virginiana

    Persian parrotia

    Parrotia persica

    Empress tree

    Paulownia fortunei
    Paulownia tomentosa

    Persea

    Persea lingue

    Corktree

    Phellodendron amurense
    Phellodendron chinense
    Phellodendron lavallei
    Phellodendron sachalinense

    Green olive-tree

    Phillyrea latifolia

    Redtip

    Photinia beauverdiana
    Photinia davidiana
    Photinia serratifolia

    Spruces

    Picea abies
    Picea asperata
    Picea breweriana
    Picea engelmannii
    Picea glauca
    Picea koyamae
    Picea likiangensis
    Picea mariana
    Picea meyeri
    Picea obovata
    Picea omorika
    Picea orientalis
    Picea pungens
    Picea purpurea
    Picea rubens
    Picea sitchensis
    Picea smithiana
    Picea spinulosa

    India Quassia

    Picrasma quassioides

    Pines

    Pinus albicaulis
    Pinus armandii
    Pinus attenuata
    Pinus balfouriana
    Pinus banksiana
    Pinus bungeana
    Pinus cembra
    Pinus contorta
    Pinus densiflora
    Pinus elliottii
    Pinus flexilis
    Pinus heldreichii
    Pinus hwangshanensis
    Pinus jeffreyi
    Pinus koraiensis
    Pinus lambertiana
    Pinus leiophylla
    Pinus longaeva
    Pinus monophylla
    Pinus monticola
    Pinus mugo
    Pinus nigra
    Pinus palustris
    Pinus parviflora
    Pinus patula
    Pinus peuce
    Pinus pinaster
    Pinus ponderosa
    Pinus resinosa
    Pinus rigida
    Pinus roxburghii
    Pinus serotina
    Pinus strobus
    Pinus sylvestris
    Pinus tabuliformis
    Pinus taeda
    Pinus thunbergii
    Pinus virginiana
    Pinus wallichiana

    Chinese Pistache

    Pistacia chinensis

    Sycamore & Planetree

    Platanus occidentalis
    Platanus orientalis
    Platanus racemosa
    Platanus X acerifolia
    Platanus X hispanica

    Platycarya

    Platycarya strobilacea

    Oriental arborvitae

    Platycladus orientalis

    Podocarpus

    Podocarpus macrophyllus

    Poplars & Aspen

    Populus alba
    Populus balsamifera
    Populus X canadensis
    Populus X canescens
    Populus deltoides
    Populus fremontii
    Populus X generosa
    Populus grandidentata
    Populus heterophylla
    Populus lasiocarpa
    Populus maximowiczii
    Populus nigra
    Populus simonii
    Populus tremula
    Populus tremuloides
    Populus trichocarpa
    Populus yunnanensis

    Screwbean mesquite

    Prosopis pubescens

    Stonefruits- Cherry, Peach, Almond, et al

    Prunus americana
    Prunus X amygdalo-persica
    Prunus armeniaca
    Prunus avium
    Prunus campanulata
    Prunus caroliniana
    Prunus cerasifera
    Prunus cyclamina
    Prunus davidiana
    Prunus X domestica
    Prunus dulcis
    Prunus grayana
    Prunus hortulana
    Prunus maackii
    Prunus mume
    Prunus munsoniana
    Prunus padus
    Prunus pseudocerasus
    Prunus salicifolia
    Prunus salicina
    Prunus sargentii
    Prunus, Sato-zakura Group
    Prunus scopulorum
    Prunus serotina
    Prunus X subhirtella
    Prunus X yedoensis

    Goldenlarch

    Pseudolarix amabilis

    Douglas-fir

    Pseudotsuga menziesii
    Pseudotsuga sinensis

    Common hoptree or Wafer-ash

    Ptelea trifoliata

    Caucasian wingnut

    Pterocarya fraxinifolia
    Pterocarya X rehderiana
    Pterocarya rhoifolia
    Pterocarya stenoptera

    Pteroceltis

    Pteroceltis tatarinowii

    Epaulette tree

    Pterostyrax corymbosa

    Pears

    Pyrus betulifolia
    Pyrus X bretschneideri
    Pyrus calleryana
    Pyrus communis
    Pyrus nivalis
    Pyrus pashia
    Pyrus pyraster
    Pyrus pyrifolia
    Pyrus salicifolia
    Pyrus ussuriensis

    Oaks

    Quercus acutissima
    Quercus alba
    Quercus bicolor
    Quercus brantii
    Quercus canariensis
    Quercus castaneifolia
    Quercus cerris
    Quercus chrysolepis
    Quercus coccinea
    Quercus X deamii
    Quercus dentata
    Quercus ellipsoidalis
    Quercus frainetto
    Quercus gambelii
    Quercus glandulifera
    Quercus glauca
    Quercus X heterophylla
    Quercus X hispanica
    Quercus ilex
    Quercus kelloggii
    Quercus laurifolia
    Quercus X leana
    Quercus libani
    Quercus macranthera
    Quercus macrocarpa
    Quercus marilandica
    Quercus mongolica
    Quercus muehlenbergii
    Quercus nigra
    Quercus palustris
    Quercus petraea
    Quercus phellos
    Quercus prinus
    Quercus robur
    Quercus rubra
    Quercus X runcinata
    Quercus shumardii
    Quercus texana
    Quercus X turneri
    Quercus velutina
    Quercus virginiana

    Reevesia

    Reevesia thyrsoidea

    Rhododendrons

    Rhododendron arboreum
    Rhododendron fulvum
    Rhododendron glischrum
    Rhododendron morii
    Rhododendron ponticum
    Rhododendron quinquefolium
    Rhododendron rubiginosum
    Rhododendron sutchuenense
    Rhododendron wardii

    Sumacs

    Rhus potaninii
    Rhus verniciflua

    Black and Clammy Locusts

    Robinia pseduoacacia
    Robinia viscosa
    Robinia X viscosa

    Roses

    Rosa laevigata
    Rosa, Laevigata Roses
    Rosa moschata
    Rosa, Rambler Roses

    Willows

    Salix acutifolia
    Salix alba
    Salix amygdaloides
    Salix babylonica
    Salix caprea
    Salix daphnoides
    Salix discolor
    Salix fragilis
    Salix laevigata
    Salix lucida
    Salix nigra
    Salix pentandra
    Salix X rubens
    Salix X sepulcralis

    Elderberry

    Sambucus nigra

    Sassafras

    Sassafras albidum

    Japanese umbrella-pine

    Sciadopitys verticillata

    Giant sequoia

    Sequoiadendron giganteum

    Mountain-ash

    Sorbus alnifolia
    Sorbus americana
    Sorbus aria
    Sorbus X arnoldiana
    Sorbus aucuparia
    Sorbus cashmiriana
    Sorbus commixta
    Sorbus decora
    Sorbus domestica
    Sorbus esserteauiana
    Sorbus folgneri
    Sorbus forrestii
    Sorbus hupehensis
    Sorbus intermedia
    Sorbus keissleri
    Sorbus latifolia
    Sorbus megalocarpa
    Sorbus mougeotii
    Sorbus pohuashanensis
    Sorbus pseudofennica
    Sorbus sargentiana
    Sorbus X thuringiaca
    Sorbus torminalis
    Sorbus vestita
    Sorbus wilsoniana

    Japanese Stewartia

    Stewartia malacodendron
    Stewartia sinensis

    Japanese pagoda tree

    Styphnolobium japonicum

    Snowbell

    Styrax japonicus
    Styrax obassia

    Tree lilac

    Syringa reticulata

    Baldcypress

    Taxodium distichum

    Yew

    Taxus baccata
    Taxus cuspidata
    Taxus X media

    Tetracentron

    Tetracentron sinense

    Arborvitae

    Thuja koraiensis
    Thuja occidentalis
    Thuja plicata
    Thuja standishii
    Thuja sutchuenensis

    Lindens

    Tilia americana
    Tilia amurensis
    Tilia cordata
    Tilia X euchlora
    Tilia X europaea
    Tilia henryana
    Tilia japonica
    Tilia mongolica
    Tilia oliveri
    Tilia platyphyllos
    Tilia sibirica
    Tilia tomentosa
    Tilia tuan

    Chinese toon

    Toona sinensis

    Torreya

    Torreya californica
    Torreya nucifera

    Hemlocks

    Tsuga canadensis
    Tsuga diversifolia
    Tsuga heterophylla
    Tsuga sieboldii

    Elms

    Ulmus americana
    Ulmus carpinifolia
    Ulmus castaneifolia
    Ulmus crassifolia
    Ulmus glabra
    Ulmus X hollandica
    Ulmus japonica
    Ulmus laevis
    Ulmus macrocarpa
    Ulmus parvifolia
    Ulmus procera
    Ulmus pumila
    Ulmus thomasii

    Yellowhorn

    Xanthoceras sorbifolium

    Prickly-ash

    Zanthoxylum americanum

    Zelkova

    Zelkova carpinifolia
    Zelkova serrata

(1) This is a list of trees and large shrubs that can be grown in at least some portions of New Jersey. Not all trees are appropriate to all sites and the doctrine of "planting the right tree in the right place" must be considered when choosing an appropriate species for a particular location. Some listed trees are considered to be invasive species and should only be planted in locations where they are not likely to spread into native woodlands.

(2) A recommended goal is to plant no more than 5% of your trees from a single genus. This is a bit more ambitious than the often quoted "10-20-30 rule" but goes a step further in maximizing tree diversity and reducing potential widespread landscape damage from pests and diseases. Keep in mind that species-rich genera (those with more than a handful of species listed) tend to have more pest problems than those containing only a few species. Also, the Prunus genus in particular has many potential pest and disease issues and should be used very sparingly.

Contact

CHRISTIAN PLUNKETT CONSULTING ARBORIST, LLC
HILLSBOROUGH, NJ

(908) 824-0412

Consulting@treedoctor.net